The Related Factors of Hyperuricemia in IgA Nephropathy
Introduction. Many factors, such as increased serum creatinine, increased blood pressure and abnormal urine protein, may lead to poor prognosis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The features of IgAN are also affected by uric acid, but its effect on the prognosis is less reported. We therefore systematically investigated the possible correlation of IgAN with hyperuricemia (HUA) and their prognosis. Methods. Two groups (HUA group and uric acid normal group) were included of 178 IgAN patients. The indexes in the clinic and pathology were compared; logistic regression and renal survival were used to speculate the correlated factors of HUA in IgAN and their prognosis. Results. HUA group had higher serum urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, total cholesterol, 24-hour urinary protein quantity, percentage of CKD3⁃5, the thickness of arteriole, glomerular mesangial hyperplasia, tubular atrophy, glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis and the area of infiltration of inflammatory cells (ICI), lower eGFR and serum albumin-to-creatinine ratios (P < .05). Total cholesterol and ICI in X2 were independent related factors of HUA given by the analysis of logistic regression (P < .05). No correlation was found in HUA and normal group used by Kaplan– Meier (P > .05). Conclusion. Severer renal pathological injures (glomeruli, tubules or interstitium) were found in IgAN. Besides, total cholesterol and the area of infiltration of inflammatory cells were independent related factors of hyperuricemia in IgAN.