Serum Human T-Lymphotropic Virus 1 Proviral Load in Patients on Hemodialysis

Authors

  • Reza Hekmat Department of Nephrology, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Farhad Gholami Department of Nephrology, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Hassan Ahmadnia Department of Urology, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Mostafa Ahmadi Department of Cardiology, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Tahere Hassannia Department of Nephrology, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Introduction. Patients on hemodialysis are a high-risk group for human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV1) infection and other viruses transmitted by blood or blood products. The Razavi and South Khorasan provinces in Iran are the endemic areas for  this virus. This study compares proviral load of HTLV1 in patients on hemodialysis with otherwise healthy carriers of HTLV1.

Materials and Methods. In this case-control study  the proviral load of  the HTLV1 virus was compared between 25 patients on long-term hemodialysis who were positive for HTLV1 and 25  healthy carriers of HTLV1, to determine the effect of uremia and chronic hemodialysis on the proviral load. Virus proviral load was determined using a real-time polymerase chain reaction method.

Results. There was a significant difference in the proviral load between the hemodialysis patients and the control group (903 ± 182 copies per mL versus 117 ± 186 copies per mL, respectively; P = .008). No significant correlation was found between the proviral load and    haematocrit or serum levels of urea, creatinine, parathyroid  hormone, calcium , and phosphorus  level in hemodialysis patients, but proviral load of HTLV1 was significantly correlated with leukocyte count (r = -0.46, P = .02), hemodialysis duration (r = 0.48, P = .02), and the numbers of blood transfusions (r = 0.71, P < .01).

Conclusions. The immune deficiency related to end-stage renal disease and uremia is the probable cause of significantly higher HTLV1 proviral load in hemodialysis patients compared to healthy HTLV1 carriers. This high HTLV1 proviral load might be due to immune dysfunction in chronic hemodialysis patients. 

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Published

2013-03-12

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL | Dialysis