Bacteriuria by Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia Coli and Klebsiella Pneumoniae: Isolates in a Governmental Hospital in south of Tehran, Iran

Authors

  • Zohreh Aminzadeh Department of Infectious Diseases, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University (MC), Tehran, Iran
  • Mohtaram Sadat Kashi Department of Infectious Diseases, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University (MC), Tehran, Iran
  • Minoosh Sha’bani Department of Infectious Diseases, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University (MC), Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction. Antibiotic resistant mutants producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) have emerged among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. This study was done to determine the frequency of ESBL-producing E coli and K pneumoniae species isolated from urine samples of our patients.

Materials and Methods. A study was conducted on 164 urine isolates (124 E coli and 40 K pneumoniae) in the laboratory Loghman Hakim Hospital in Tehran, Iran, in 2007. Microbial sensitivity tests were done on Mueller-Hinton agar plates with disk diffusion method. Broad-spectrum resistance was defined as resistance to ampicillin or cephalothin; ESBL resistance, as resistance of these bacteria to one of ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, or ceftizoxime; and MDR-ESBL; as resistance to 3 of the following antibiotic groups: trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and nitrofurantoin.

Results. An ESBL resistance was detected in 52.5% of isolates with K pneumoniae and 45.2% of those with E coli. The MDR-ESBL pattern was detected in 26.8% of the isolates. These included 30.0% of the K pneumoniae and 25.8% of the E coli isolates. Broad-spectrum resistance was detected in all K pneumoniae isolates and 87.9% of 124 E coli isolates.

Conclusions. Our study showed a high rate of ESBL resistant strain of E coli and K pneumoniae and the emergency of multiple drug resistance to these bacteria in our patients in Tehran, Iran.

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Published

2009-03-14

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Section

ORIGINAL | Kidney Diseases