Chronic Kidney Disease Management Program in Shahreza, Iran


  • Hamid Barahimi Tehran University of Medical Science Author
  • Mohammad Aghighi Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Author
  • Katayon Aghayani Transplant and Specific Diseases, Minister of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran Author
  • Abbas Rahimi Foroushani Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Author


Introduction. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem that needs an integrated program to be detected, monitored, and controlled. This study reports the results of a CKD program designed and implemented in Shahreza, Iran.

Materials and Methods. After initial evaluation of CKD in Shahreza, a CKD management program was developed in the Ministry of Health and the pilot project was started in February 2011 in Shahreza rural areas. The patients at risk, including those with diabetes mellitus and hypertension, were tested with serum creatinine and urine albumin-creatinine ratio. The CKD management program included training, screening, monitoring, and controlling of weight, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, lipids, and vitamin D.

Results. This pilot program was organized in the rural population aged over 30 years who were suffering from hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or both, and resulted in the discovery of cases in various stages of CKD. The prevalence of CKD in this high-risk group was 21.5%. Persistent albuminuria and a glomerular filtration rate less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were 13% and 11%, respectively. The rate of CKD stages 1, 2, 3a, 3b, 4, and 5 were 2.75%, 6.82%, 10.08%, 0.92%, 0.31%, and 0.17% respectively. After 1 year of the program implemented, incidence rate of CKD was 24% and improvement rate was 21%. In diabetic patients, the mean of hemoglobin A1c decreased from 8.5 ± 1.9% to 7.5% ± 1.8%.

Conclusions. Integration of CKD programs in primary health care is possible and results in improvement in management of CKD patients.


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ORIGINAL | Kidney Diseases

How to Cite

Chronic Kidney Disease Management Program in Shahreza, Iran. (2014). Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases, 8(6), 450-456.

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