A Multilevel Model for Services Provided to Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a general health problem with high rates of mortality and morbidity. The increasing prevalence of CKD has led to the recognition of the fact that it needs special care. One approach to CKD management is to present a model of care for the disease. A model of care for CKD was developed by drawing on the literature, including guidelines for CKD care, and by using previous experiences in providing care for patients with diabetes mellitus and CKD. The model focuses on training, identification of patients, care, follow-up, and evaluation of patients. In this study, two levels were defined for providing care to patients with CKD. The first level involves care provided by family physicians, while the second level was defined as community health services for CKD. Establishment of at least 1 CKD community health service at each capital city of any province seems to be an effective factor in improving services provided to patients with CKD.